首页 > java笔记 > java二叉树遍历,java二叉树遍历动画

java二叉树遍历,java二叉树遍历动画

更新:

本文目录一览:

写一个java层次遍历二叉树,简单点就可以,我要的是代码,不是纯文字说明

public class BinaryNode {

Object element;

BinaryNode left;

BinaryNode right;

}

import java.util.*;

public class Queue {

protected LinkedList list;

// Postcondition: this Queue object has been initialized.

public Queue() {

list = new LinkedList();

} // default constructor

// Postcondition: the number of elements in this Queue object has been

// returned.

public int size() {

return list.size();

} // method size

// Postcondition: true has been returned if this Queue object has no

// elements. Otherwise, false has been returned.

public boolean isEmpty() {

return list.isEmpty();

} // method isEmpty

// Postconditon: A copy of element has been inserted at the back of this

// Queue object. The averageTime (n) is constant and

// worstTime (n) is O (n).

public void enqueue(Object element) {

list.addLast(element);

} // method enqueue

// Precondition: this Queue object is not empty. Otherwise,

// NoSuchElementException will be thrown.

// Postcondition: The element that was at the front of this Queue object -

// just before this method was called -- has been removed

// from this Queue object and returned.

public Object dequeue() {

return list.removeFirst();

} // method dequeue

// Precondition: this Queue object is not empty. Otherwise,

// NoSuchElementException will be thrown.

// Postcondition: the element at index 0 in this Queue object has been

// returned.

public Object front() {

return list.getFirst();

} // method front

} // Queue class

import java.io.IOException;

public class BinaryTree {

BinaryNode root;

public BinaryTree() {

super();

// TODO 自动生成构造函数存根

root=this.createPre();

}

public BinaryNode createPre()

//按照先序遍历的输入方法,建立二叉树

{

BinaryNode t=null;

char ch;

try {

ch = (char)System.in.read();

if(ch==' ')

t=null;

else

{

t=new BinaryNode();

t.element=(Object)ch;

t.left=createPre();

t.right=createPre();

}

} catch (IOException e) {

// TODO 自动生成 catch 块

e.printStackTrace();

}

return t;

}

public void inOrder()

{

this.inOrder(root);

}

public void inOrder(BinaryNode t)

//中序遍历二叉树

{

if(t!=null)

{

inOrder(t.left);

System.out.print(t.element);

inOrder(t.right);

}

}

public void postOrder()

{

this.postOrder(root);

}

public void postOrder(BinaryNode t)

//后序遍历二叉树

{

if(t!=null)

{

postOrder(t.left);

System.out.print(t.element);

postOrder(t.right);

}

}

public void preOrder()

{

this.preOrder(root);

}

public void preOrder(BinaryNode t)

//前序遍历二叉树

{

if(t!=null)

{

System.out.print(t.element);

preOrder(t.left);

preOrder(t.right);

}

}

public void breadthFirst()

{

Queue treeQueue=new Queue();

BinaryNode p;

if(root!=null)

treeQueue.enqueue(root);

while(!treeQueue.isEmpty())

{

System.out.print(((BinaryNode)(treeQueue.front())).element);

p=(BinaryNode)treeQueue.dequeue();

if(p.left!=null)

treeQueue.enqueue(p.left);

if(p.right!=null)

treeQueue.enqueue(p.right);

}

}

}

public class BinaryTreeTest {

/**

* @param args

*/

public static void main(String[] args) {

// TODO 自动生成方法存根

BinaryTree tree = new BinaryTree();

System.out.println("先序遍历:");

tree.preOrder();

System.out.println();

System.out.println("中序遍历:");

tree.inOrder();

System.out.println();

System.out.println("后序遍历:");

tree.postOrder();

System.out.println();

System.out.println("层次遍历:");

tree.breadthFirst();

System.out.println();

}

}

用java实现二叉树

我有很多个(假设10万个)数据要保存起来,以后还需要从保存的这些数据中检索是否存在某

个数据,(我想说出二叉树的好处,该怎么说呢?那就是说别人的缺点),假如存在数组中,

那么,碰巧要找的数字位于99999那个地方,那查找的速度将很慢,因为要从第1个依次往

后取,取出来后进行比较。平衡二叉树(构建平衡二叉树需要先排序,我们这里就不作考虑

了)可以很好地解决这个问题,但二叉树的遍历(前序,中序,后序)效率要比数组低很多,

public class Node {

public int value;

public Node left;

public Node right;

public void store(intvalue)

right.value=value;

}

else

{

right.store(value);

}

}

}

public boolean find(intvalue)

{

System.out.println("happen" +this.value);

if(value ==this.value)

{

return true;

}

else if(valuethis.value)

{

if(right ==null)returnfalse;

return right.find(value);

}else

{

if(left ==null)returnfalse;

return left.find(value);

}

}

public void preList()

{

System.out.print(this.value+ ",");

if(left!=null)left.preList();

if(right!=null) right.preList();

}

public void middleList()

{

if(left!=null)left.preList();

System.out.print(this.value+ ",");

if(right!=null)right.preList();

}

public void afterList()

{

if(left!=null)left.preList();

if(right!=null)right.preList();

System.out.print(this.value+ ",");

}

public static voidmain(String [] args)

{

int [] data =new int[20];

for(inti=0;idata.length;i++)

{

data[i] = (int)(Math.random()*100)+ 1;

System.out.print(data[i] +",");

}

System.out.println();

Node root = new Node();

root.value = data[0];

for(inti=1;idata.length;i++)

{

root.store(data[i]);

}

root.find(data[19]);

root.preList();

System.out.println();

root.middleList();

System.out.println();

root.afterList();

}

}

java二叉树的顺序表实现

做了很多年的程序员,觉得什么树的设计并不是非常实用。二叉树有顺序存储,当一个insert大量同时顺序自增插入的时候,树就会失去平衡。树的一方为了不让塌陷,会增大树的高度。性能会非常不好。以上是题外话。分析需求在写代码。

import java.util.List;

import java.util.LinkedList;

public class Bintrees {

private int[] array = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9};

private static ListNode nodeList = null;

private static class Node {

Node leftChild;

Node rightChild;

int data;

Node(int newData) {

leftChild = null;

rightChild = null;

data = newData;

}

}

// 创建二叉树

public void createBintree() {

nodeList = new LinkedListNode();

// 将数组的值转换为node

for (int nodeIndex = 0; nodeIndex array.length; nodeIndex++) {

nodeList.add(new Node(array[nodeIndex]));

}

// 对除最后一个父节点按照父节点和孩子节点的数字关系建立二叉树

for (int parentIndex = 0; parentIndex array.length / 2 - 1; parentIndex++) {

nodeList.get(parentIndex).leftChild = nodeList.get(parentIndex * 2 + 1);

nodeList.get(parentIndex).rightChild = nodeList.get(parentIndex * 2 + 2);

}

// 最后一个父节点

int lastParentIndex = array.length / 2 - 1;

// 左孩子

nodeList.get(lastParentIndex).leftChild = nodeList.get(lastParentIndex * 2 + 1);

// 如果为奇数,建立右孩子

if (array.length % 2 == 1) {

nodeList.get(lastParentIndex).rightChild = nodeList.get(lastParentIndex * 2 + 2);

}

}

// 前序遍历

public static void preOrderTraverse(Node node) {

if (node == null) {

return;

}

System.out.print(node.data + " ");

preOrderTraverse(node.leftChild);

preOrderTraverse(node.rightChild);

}

// 中序遍历

public static void inOrderTraverse(Node node) {

if (node == null) {

return;

}

inOrderTraverse(node.leftChild);

System.out.print(node.data + " ");

inOrderTraverse(node.rightChild);

}

// 后序遍历

public static void postOrderTraverse(Node node) {

if (node == null) {

return;

}

postOrderTraverse(node.leftChild);

postOrderTraverse(node.rightChild);

System.out.print(node.data + " ");

}

public static void main(String[] args) {

Bintrees binTree = new Bintrees();

binTree.createBintree();

Node root = nodeList.get(0);

System.out.println("前序遍历:");

preOrderTraverse(root);

System.out.println();

System.out.println("中序遍历:");

inOrderTraverse(root);

System.out.println();

System.out.println("后序遍历:");

postOrderTraverse(root);

}

}

java中的遍历是什么意思?

遍历就是把每个元素都访问一次.比如一个二叉树,遍历二叉树意思就是把二叉树中的每个元素都访问一次

java实现二叉树层次遍历

import java.util.ArrayList;

public class TreeNode {

private TreeNode leftNode;

private TreeNode rightNode;

private String nodeName;

public TreeNode getLeftNode() {

return leftNode;

}

public void setLeftNode(TreeNode leftNode) {

this.leftNode = leftNode;

}

public TreeNode getRightNode() {

return rightNode;

}

public void setRightNode(TreeNode rightNode) {

this.rightNode = rightNode;

}

public String getNodeName() {

return nodeName;

}

public void setNodeName(String nodeName) {

this.nodeName = nodeName;

}

public static int level=0;

public static void findNodeByLevel(ArrayListTreeNode nodes){

if(nodes==null||nodes.size()==0){

return ;

}

level++;

ArrayListTreeNode temp = new ArrayList();

for(TreeNode node:nodes){

System.out.println("第"+level+"层:"+node.getNodeName());

if(node.getLeftNode()!=null){

temp.add(node.getLeftNode());

}

if(node.getRightNode()!=null){

temp.add(node.getRightNode());

}

}

nodes.removeAll(nodes);

findNodeByLevel(temp);

}

/**

* @param args

*/

public static void main(String[] args) {

// TODO Auto-generated method stub

TreeNode root = new TreeNode();

root.setNodeName("root");

TreeNode node1 = new TreeNode();

node1.setNodeName("node1");

TreeNode node3 = new TreeNode();

node3.setNodeName("node3");

TreeNode node7 = new TreeNode();

node7.setNodeName("node7");

TreeNode node8 = new TreeNode();

node8.setNodeName("node8");

TreeNode node4 = new TreeNode();

node4.setNodeName("node4");

TreeNode node2 = new TreeNode();

node2.setNodeName("node2");

TreeNode node5 = new TreeNode();

node5.setNodeName("node5");

TreeNode node6 = new TreeNode();

node6.setNodeName("node6");

root.setLeftNode(node1);

node1.setLeftNode(node3);

node3.setLeftNode(node7);

node3.setRightNode(node8);

node1.setRightNode(node4);

root.setRightNode(node2);

node2.setLeftNode(node5);

node2.setRightNode(node6);

ArrayListTreeNode nodes = new ArrayListTreeNode();

nodes.add(root);

findNodeByLevel(nodes);

}

}


顶部